Breast Lumps Detection, Prevention, Complication And Treatment


The majority of breast lumps are benign since they are not malignant. Although seeing a breast lump may surprise you, it's crucial to keep in mind that it might not have any long-term effects on your health.

A breast lump, however, may be an indication of malignancy. Any lumps or swelling you see on your breasts should always be evaluated by a doctor.

Breast tissue can be found in both men and women, despite the fact that breasts are typically associated with women. This tissue is affected by your hormones. Lumps may develop as a result of hormonal changes and, in some situations, may spontaneously dissolve. Breast lumps can appear at any age.

Due to the estrogen that newborns receive from their moms, some babies grow breast lumps. These often disappear as their bodies release estrogen.

Sometimes sensitive breast lumps appear in prepubescent girls. Usually, they disappear on their own during puberty. During puberty, adolescent boys can also develop breast lumps. These are similarly ephemeral, usually disappearing after a few months.

Causes Of Breast Lumps

A lump in your breast could have a variety of causes, including:

  • Breast cysts, which are soft, fluid-filled sacs
  • Milk cysts, which are milk-filled sacs that can appear during breastfeeding
  • Fibrocystic Breasts, which refers to non-cancerous rubbery lumps that move around easily within the breast tissue and infrequently become cancerous
  • Hamartoma, which is a benign, tumour-like growth
  • Intraductal Papilloma, is a small, non-cancerous tumour.
  • Mastitis, also known as a breast infection
  • Breast cancer

How to check if you have a Breast Lump?

Breast tissue has varying degrees of firmness, with the inner and lower portions of your breast feeling a little softer. During a woman's menstrual cycle, her breasts may get lumpier or more sensitive. As you age, your breasts tend to become less thick.

It is critical to be aware of how your breasts normally feel in order to spot changes. 

Breast Lumps Symptoms

Generally speaking, breast lumps are not malignant. However, you should schedule a visit with your doctor if:

  • You find a new lump.
  • Your breast is wounded for no obvious cause
  • The skin of your breast is red or starts to pucker like orange peel
  • An area of your breast is noticeably different from the rest
  • A lump does not go away after menstruation and changes or grows larger;
  • Your nipple is inverted (if it wasn't previously inverted), and you can see blood coming out of it.

Breast Lumps Detection

Your doctor will usually inquire about when you found the lump and whether you have any other symptoms when you go to see them about a breast lump. Additionally, they will physically examine the breasts.

Additional testing can be mandated by your doctor if they are unable to determine the origin of the bump.


An X-ray of the breast called mammography is used to detect breast abnormalities. If accessible, a diagnostic mammography and prior screening mammograms can be compared to see how the breast tissue has altered.


An ultrasound is a non-invasive, painless treatment that creates images of your breast using sound waves.

Imaging Using Magnetic Resonance (MRI)

This examination takes thorough photographs of your body using a magnetic field and radio waves.

Aspiration using a fine needle

Using a needle, fluid from a breast lump can be extracted. Sometimes the needle is guided by ultrasonography. Cysts that are benign disappear when the fluid is taken out. A laboratory will check the sample for cancer cells if the fluid is crimson or murky.


This process is used to take a sample of tissue for microscopic examination. There are various breast biopsy procedures:

  • During a fine-needle aspiration biopsy, a tissue sample is taken under the guidance of an ultrasound; a bigger needle is then used to obtain a tissue sample vacuum
  • Assisted biopsy: a tissue sample is removed using a vacuum-equipped probe that is introduced into a small skin incision.
  • Using ultrasound as a guide
  • Stereotactic biopsy: a needle is used to take a tissue sample while a mammogram is being performed.
  • Surgical biopsy (excisional biopsy): removal of the entire breast lump and surrounding tissue
  • Only a portion of the lump is removed during surgical biopsy (incisional biopsy).

Breast Lumps Treatments

Before creating a treatment strategy, your doctor must ascertain the origin of your breast lump. Not all breast lumps require medical attention.

Your doctor will likely recommend antibiotics to treat your breast infection. A cyst that contains fluid can be drained. Cysts typically disappear after being drained. Cysts can sometimes go away on their own without the need for treatment.

Treatment options if the lump is determined to be breast cancer include:

  • A lumpectomy is also known as the removal of a lump.
  • A mastectomy, which refers to the removal of your breast tissue
  • Chemotherapy, which utilises chemicals to treat or eradicate cancer
  • Radiation therapy, which uses radioactive materials or rays to treat cancer
  • Your approach depends on your breast cancer type, its stage, where it is located, and whether it has spread outside of your breast.
  • Your doctor might advise waiting for your breast to heal if the lump in your breast is the result of an injury. 
  • Many times, it is not necessary to remove or treat certain breast lumps, like fibroadenomas. Therefore, if you discover a breast lump, it is crucial to avoid making assumptions. If additional testing or treatment is required for the lump, your doctor can assist.

Complications of Breast Lump

Schedule a consultation to get a breast lump examined, particularly if:

  • The lump appears to set or hard.
  • After four to six weeks, the bump has not disappeared.
  • Your breast's skin appears to be changing, exhibiting redness, crusting, dimpling, or puckering.
  • You have nipple discharge that can be bloody.
  • Your nipple is turned inward, which is not how it would ordinarily be.
  • There is a lump in your armpit that you can feel, and it seems to be growing.


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Page last reviewed: Mar 14, 2023

Next review due: Mar 14, 2025

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