Chickenpox : How to check if you have Chickenpox?666
The varicella-zoster virus is what causes chickenpox, a contagious disease. It causes a tiny, fluid-filled blister rash that itches. People who have not had chickenpox or received the chickenpox vaccination can catch it quite quickly. Children are now protected against chickenpox thanks to vaccination, which was once a common issue.
The vaccination for chickenpox is a secure approach to avoid both the sickness and any potential side effects.
The varicella-zoster virus is the culprit behind chickenpox. Direct touch with the rash might cause it to spread. When a person who has chickenpox coughs or sneezes and you breathe in the droplets, it can also spread.
How to check if you have ChickenPox?
Call your doctor if you believe you or your child may have chicken pox. Frequently, an examination of the rash and accompanying symptoms can identify chickenpox. You might require medication to treat various health issues related to chickenpox or to aid in the battle against the infection. Make an appointment over the phone to prevent spreading the illness to others in the waiting area. Mention that you or your child may be suffering from chickenpox.
Additionally, inform your provider if the following occurs:
- One or both eyes may be affected by the rash.
- The rash becomes extremely sensitive or heated. This can indicate that there is a bacterial infection of the skin.
- You share your home with people who have not had the chickenpox vaccination and have never experienced the disease.
- Your home has a pregnant person.
- You share your home with a person who is ill or who takes medications that suppress the immune system.
The rash is one of your most severe symptoms. Keep an eye out for the following:
- Fresh disorientation, a rapid pulse, and shortness of breath.
- A temperature higher than 102 F (38.9 C) trembling, weakness, a cough that worsens, vomiting, stiff neck.
If you have never had chickenpox or had the chickenpox vaccination, your chance of contracting the virus that causes it is increased. The importance of vaccination for those who work in childcare or educational environments cannot be overstated.
The majority of people who have either had chickenpox or received the vaccination are immune to the disease. If you have had the vaccine and still have chickenpox, symptoms are frequently less severe. Fever blisters and a low or no fever are possible. Only a small percentage of people will get chickenpox more than once.
10 to 21 days after being exposed to the varicella-zoster virus, the chickenpox rash manifests. Usually, the rash lasts 5 to 10 days. One to two days before the rash, other symptoms like:
- Decrease in appetite.
- Fatigue and an overall sick sensation.
The chickenpox rash progresses through three stages after it appears:
- Papules are raised lumps that appear over a few days.
- Vesicles are tiny fluid-filled blisters that develop approximately a day before breaking and leaking.
- Scabs and crusts take a few extra days to cure and cover the broken blisters.
- The pimples have been developing for many days. So you could simultaneously have pimples, blisters, and scabs.
- Up to 48 hours before the rash shows, the virus can still be transmitted to other people. Additionally, the infection continues to spread until all ruptured blisters have sealed up.
When children are healthy, the condition is often moderate. However, the rash can occasionally cover the entire body. In the eyes and throat, blisters could develop. They may also develop in the tissue that borders the urethra, anus, and vagina.
The best defence against chickenpox is the varicella vaccination, sometimes known as the chickenpox vaccine. Over 90% of the time, two doses of the vaccination are effective in preventing sickness. Even if you contract chickenpox after getting the vaccination, you could only experience lesser symptoms.
Children get two doses of medication The varicella vaccination should be administered twice, the first time between 12 and 15 months and the second time between 4 and 6 years. This is covered by a child's regular vaccine regimen.
The MMRV combo vaccination may increase the risk of fever and seizures in some children between the ages of 12 and 23 months. Inquire with your child's doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of using combination immunisations.
Unvaccinated children aged 7 to 12 years old should get two doses of the varicella vaccine. The interval between doses should be at least three months.
Unvaccinated adults and children aged 13 and older should have two catch-up doses of the vaccine, spaced at least four weeks apart. If your chance of exposure to chickenpox is increased, taking the vaccination is even more crucial. This covers all non-pregnant women of reproductive age as well as health care professionals, educators, childcare providers, military personnel, and those who travel internationally.
Your doctor can do a blood test to determine if you have had the vaccination or chickenpox if you are unsure about your history.
For additional information on how effectively they prevent chickenpox, speak with your doctor.
If you are pregnant, avoid getting the chickenpox vaccination. Avoid trying to conceive while receiving the series of injections or for one month following the last dose if you opt to get vaccinated before becoming pregnant.
Other individuals ought to wait or refrain from receiving the vaccination. If any of the following apply to you, see your doctor about receiving the vaccine:
- If you possess a less robust immune system. Those who have HIV or use medications that affect the immune system fall under this category.
- Are sensitive to the antibiotic neomycin or gelatin.
- Possess cancer of any sort or are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer.
- Recently obtained blood or other blood products from a donor.
- If you are unsure if you need the vaccination, see your doctor. Ask your doctor whether you are up to date on your vaccinations if you intend to become pregnant.
Parents frequently question the safety of immunisations. Studies show that the chickenpox vaccination is both safe and effective since it became widely accessible. Most side effects are minor. At the injection site, they include discomfort, redness, soreness, and swelling. Rarely, you can get a rash or a fever there.
In youngsters who are otherwise healthy, chickenpox frequently requires little medical attention. Some children may be able to reduce itching by using an antihistamine type of medication. However, the majority of the time, the illness just needs to progress.
Providers occasionally prescribe medications to reduce the duration of the disease and the risk of consequences for persons who are at a high risk of complications from chickenpox.
Your doctor may advise taking antiviral medication to combat the virus, such as acyclovir (Zovirax, Sitavig), if you or your child is at a high risk of problems. This medication could make chickenpox symptoms less severe. If used within 24 hours of the rash's initial appearance, they perform best.
In youngsters who are otherwise healthy, chickenpox frequently requires little medical attention. Some children may be able to reduce itching by using an antihistamine type of medication. For the most part, the illness simply needs to progress.
Other antiviral medications, such as valacyclovir (Valtrex) and famciclovir, may help lessen the severity of the sickness. However, they might not be acceptable or suitable for everyone. Depending on the circumstances, your doctor can advise getting the chickenpox vaccination after you have been exposed to the virus. This may assist to avert the sickness or lessen its effects.
Your healthcare professional will choose the best course of action if you or your child develop difficulties. Antibiotics, for instance, can be used to treat pneumonia and diseased skin. Brain enlargement, also known as encephalitis, is frequently treated with antiviral drugs. There may be a need for hospital treatment.
Complications of Chickenpox
Usually, chickenpox is a minor illness. However, it may be dangerous and cause other health issues, such as:
- Bacteria-caused infections of the skin, soft tissues, bones, joints, or blood.
- Dehydration occurs when the body has too little fluid, especially water.
- A lung infection is known as pneumonia.
- Encephalitis is the medical term for brain swelling.
- Toxic shock syndrome is a serious side effect of several bacterial infections.
- Reye's syndrome is a condition that results in liver and brain enlargement. Children and teenagers who use aspirin during chickenpox may experience this.
- In extremely rare circumstances, chickenpox can be fatal.
Those who are more vulnerable to problems from chicken pox include:
- Babies and newborns whose moms never received the vaccination or the chicken pox. This also applies to infants who have not received the immunisation.
- Adults and teenagers.
- Ladies who are expecting yet have never experienced chicken pox.
- Cigarette smokers.
- Those who are using immune-suppressing medications who have cancer or HIV.
- Those who use medication to lower immune response and have a chronic illness like asthma.
- Pregnancy and the varicella
- Babies born to pregnant mothers who have chickenpox early on are more likely to have low birth weight and limb issues. When a woman is pregnant The infant is more likely to get a potentially fatal illness if the mother contracts chickenpox in the week before giving birth or within a few days after giving birth.
Consult your healthcare practitioner about these dangers if you are pregnant and susceptible to chickenpox.
Shingles and the chicken pox
You run the chance of developing the complication known as shingles if you have had chickenpox. Even after the chickenpox rash has healed, the varicella-zoster virus continues to infect your nerve cells. The virus can reactivate several years later and result in shingles which is a painful cluster of blisters. People with weakened immune systems and older persons are more prone to have a recurrence of the illness.
Long after the blisters have healed, shingles discomfort can persist and become severe. Postherpetic neuralgia is the term for this.
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Page last reviewed: May 25, 2023
Next review due: May 25, 2025