Lumps : Complications, Surgery And Treatment Options


Any excessively elevated skin patches are referred to as skin lumps. The lumps might be soft and movable or firm and unyielding. One typical type of skin bump is swelling following an injury.

The majority of skin growths are benign, or non-cancerous. Skin lumps often do not pose a threat to your health or interfere with your daily activities. If you are concerned about any odd growths on your skin, consult a dermatologist or other healthcare professional.


There are several, varyingly serious medical diseases that can result in skin lumps. Typical skin lump kinds and causes include:

  • Trauma
  • Acne, moles, warts, and pockets of infection such as boils and abscesses
  • Malignant growths
  • Cysts
  • Hives and other allergic responses from corn
  • An enlarged lymph node
  • Diseases in children, such as chicken pox
  • Trauma

Trauma or injury is the most typical reason for skin lumps. This kind of mass is occasionally referred to as a goose egg. When you strike your head or another body part, it happens. The swelling of your skin will result in a lump that could also be bruised.

Injury-related skin lumps often grow quickly, a day or two after the stressful occurrence.

Cysts. Another frequently occurring cause of skin growth. A cyst is a closed region of skin tissue that develops under the epidermis. Often, fluid-filled cysts are present.

A cyst's contents might burst out of the cyst or stay inside it. In contrast to hard warts or corns, cysts are typically flexible and soft. Most cysts do not have malignancy. Unless they develop an infection, cysts are often painless.

Enlarged lymph nodes

Furthermore, skin lumps may appear where your lymph glands reside. White blood cells found in lymph glands aid in the defense against infection. If you have a cold or an infection, the glands in your neck and beneath your arms may momentarily become hard and lumpy. As your sickness progresses, your lymph nodes will grow back to their usual size. You should speak with your doctor if they are still swollen or enlarged.

Pediatric sickness

Your skin may seem bumpy from childhood infections like chicken pox and mumps. Your salivary glands are impacted by the viral illness known as mumps. Your cheeks may resemble a chipmunk due to enlarged glands.

Chickenpox is brought on by the herpes zoster virus. When you get chicken pox, pink lumps that erupt and turn crusty leave marks on your skin. Most children receive immunizations to protect them from these illnesses of childhood.

How to check if you have Lumps?

In order to determine what is causing the skin lump, your doctor will ask you a number of questions, including:

  • Who was the first to notice the lump? 
  • When did you first notice the lump? (Sometimes a loved one would note a lump or skin discovery.)
  • How many skin bumps are there on your body?
  • What are the lumps' colors, shapes, and textures?
  • Is the bump aching?
  • Do you have any more symptoms? (Examples: discharge, fever, itching, etc.)

The lump's color and form might play a crucial role in determining the issue. Red flags include moles that have an uneven border, change color, or grow to the size of a pencil eraser. These traits are indications of maybe skin cancer

Another type of skin cancer that initially resembles a normal skin tumor or pimple is basal cell carcinoma. 

Talk to your healthcare professional about any strange skin lumps that bleed, do not go away, or get bigger. If your lump develops quickly and for no apparent reason, you could require a skin biopsy. The excision of a little sample of skin tissue is called a biopsy. The biopsy sample can be examined by your doctor for malignant cells.


See a doctor if:

  • Your lump grows, becomes painful, red, or hot, or is hard and immobile.
  • You have a lump in your breast or testicles that persists for more than two weeks, grows back after being removed, or you have a persistent swelling in your armpit, groin, or side.


It is possible to treat discomfort or agony brought on by swollen lymph nodes, enlarged salivary glands, or a skin rash brought on by a viral infection. Try baking soda baths, cold packs, and fever-reducing medicine.

Injury-related skin lumps typically disappear on their own when the swelling subsides. Inflammation and discomfort can be reduced and eased by using an ice pack and elevating the region.

Medications on prescription

If an infection or abscess is the root of your skin lump, you will require antibiotic drugs to speed up the healing process.

Topical drugs may be prescribed by your doctor to treat rashes, warts, and acne pimples. Salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide may be included in topical skin ointments and lotions. The germs and local infections linked to cystic acne are reduced by these substances. The acid could also aid in reducing the thickness of skin that has accumulated around a wart.

Injections of corticosteroids are one potential remedy for irritated skin lumps. The potent anti-inflammatory medication corticosteroids. Corticosteroid injections can be used to treat a variety of skin tumors, including benign cysts, widespread skin infections, and cystic acne. Nevertheless, these injections may cause adverse reactions close to the injection site, such as:

  • Infection discomfort skin color loss
  • Reduction of soft tissue

Corticosteroid injections are typically administered no more than a few times each year for these and other factors.


If a skin lump is painful all the time or poses a risk to your health, you could need more intrusive medical care. Skin bumps that may require surgery or drain removal comprise:

  • Boils
  • Corns
  • Cysts
  • Abscesses or malignant tumors on moles

Complications of Lumps

Skin bumps often provide little danger. Treatment is often only required if the lump is affecting you.

If a growth on your skin causes you to worry, you should visit a doctor. The lump can be examined by your doctor to make sure it is not a sign of a significant underlying ailment.

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Page last reviewed: Mar 16, 2023

Next review due: Mar 16, 2025

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