Mumps Prevention, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment


A virus is to blame for the mumps disease. Either side of the face's glands are often affected. Saliva is produced by these parotid glands. It may hurt or be sensitive to touch swollen glands.

Due to vaccinations, mumps are uncommon in the US. Nonetheless, epidemics do occur. Unvaccinated individuals are at a significant risk of infection. Those who have had the mumps vaccine often experience fewer problems and milder symptoms.

There is no particular treatment for mumps. The effects of treatment include pain relief.


A virus is a sort of bacterium that causes the mumps. Saliva contains the virus that causes mumps. The virus can be dispersed into the air in minute droplets by coughing or sneezing.

You can contract the virus by inhaling microscopic droplets. Instead, you can contract the virus by contacting your face after touching a surface where droplets have landed. Indirect contact, like kissing or sharing a water bottle, is another way to get the virus.

How to check if you have Mumps?

If you or your child exhibits mumps symptoms, see a medical professional. Following the onset of swelling, for around five days, mumps can spread extremely quickly. Inform the clinic ahead of time if you believe you have the mumps. The clinic personnel will probably take action to stop the sickness from spreading.

It is critical to have a prompt diagnosis because other illnesses could present with the same symptoms.

If you suspect your child has the mumps and they exhibit any of the following symptoms:

  • 103 F (39 C) or higher as a fever.
  • Eating or drinking difficulties.
  • Confusion or a loss of direction.
  • Stomach aches.
  • Testicular discomfort and swelling.

Whilst waiting:

  • Get as much rest as you can.
  • Use painkillers that you may get over-the-counter, such as ibuprofen 
  • Cover inflamed salivary glands with a warm or cold cloth.


After being exposed to the virus for two to three weeks, mumps symptoms begin to manifest. No symptoms or very minor symptoms are possible in some persons.

The initial signs might resemble those of the flu, like:

  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Muscle soreness or pains.
  • Unwilling to eat.
  • Tiredness.

Salivary gland swelling often begins within a few days. Some signs might be:

  • Swelling of one or both of the face's lateral glands.
  • The swelling may cause pain or soreness.
  • Gland enlargement below the mouth's floor occurs less often.


The majority of fully vaccinated individuals, who have received the mumps vaccination, are shielded from mumps infections. Unvaccinated people are more prone to contract the mumps.

Vaccine protection may wane over time for certain persons. Fully immunized individuals often experience fewer difficulties and milder symptoms while contracting the mumps.

MMR vaccination

The recommended paediatric immunization schedule includes the measles vaccine. Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) is often administered as a single vaccination. The timetable is:

  • The first dosage between 12 and 15 months of age.
  • The second dosage, given between 4 and 6 years of age, just before starting school.

A different MMR variant includes the varicella-zoster virus vaccination, which protects against the virus that causes chickenpox. The Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella vaccination, however (MMRV) is not used in the first dose of the typical childhood immunization regimen.

Adverse reactions to the MMR vaccination

The MMR vaccination is both secure and reliable. There are often no negative effects.

If they do occur, moderate side effects might be:

  • Discomfort at the injection location.
  • Fever.
  • Rash at the shooting location.
  • Gland swelling in the neck or cheekbones.

Rarely, some people may experience signs like joint pain and stiffness, seizures, a temporary drop in blood platelets, or a rash.

Rarely do allergies cause severe responses. those who are not given a second dosage if they had a serious allergic response to the first dose. A strong adverse response to one of the vaccine's ingredients will prevent someone from receiving the vaccination.


The mumps cannot be treated in any particular way. The average recovery time is 3 to 10 days.

You can do the following things to speed up healing and decrease symptoms:

  • Rest.
  • Painkillers that are available over-the-counter, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others) (Tylenol, others).
  • For swelling salivary glands, use a cool or warm towel.
  • A cold compress or ice pack to treat enlarged testicles.
  • Consuming a lot of liquids.

To minimize infection transmission, it is critical to keep you or your child home during illness. Until at least five days after the commencement of swollen salivary glands, stay away from other people.

Complications of Mumps

Mumps complications are more common in those who have not received the vaccine. Even if a person's salivary glands were not enlarged, they may nonetheless occur.

As the virus spreads to other bodily tissues, complications occur. Possible complications include:

Enlarged testicles. Orchitis, as this ailment is often known, causes agonizing anguish. After adolescence, mumps infections become increasingly prevalent. A swollen testicle may diminish in size, which might have an impact on fertility.

Enlarged ovaries. This consequence, which is also brought on by oophoritis, results in discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and fever. With puberty, this issue becomes more probable. Fertility does not appear to be impacted by the illness.

Encephalitis. Encephalitis is a brain swelling associated with inflammation that has the potential to harm tissue. This problem might lead to altered states of consciousness, convulsions, and uncontrollable muscle movements.

Meningitis. The swelling or inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord is known as meningitis. Headaches, fever, and stiff neck could be the results. Mumps-related meningitis seldom results in persistent issues.

Loss of hearing. This problem may develop gradually or unexpectedly. Usually, hearing returns to normal following the sickness.

Pancreatitis. Pancreatitis, also known as pancreas damage from swelling, can result from mumps. Affected individuals may have stomach discomfort or soreness, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

Miscarriage. The chance of miscarriage, or the termination of a pregnancy, may rise if you have the mumps in the first 12 weeks of your pregnancy.

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Page last reviewed: Mar 29, 2023

Next review due: Mar 29, 2025

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