Tendonitis Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment Options


Tendinitis is an inflammation of the strong fibrous cords that connect muscle to bone. Tendons are the name for these cords. Just outside a joint, the disease produces discomfort and soreness.

Any tendon can develop tendinitis. It usually appears on the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees, and heels

The majority of tendinitis cases may be managed with rest, physical therapy, and painkillers. A tendon might rupture due to chronic tendon irritation. Surgery could be required for a torn tendon.


A sudden injury might result in tendinitis. However, the most likely reason is repeating the same movement repeatedly over time. The majority of people who get tendinitis do so as a result of repetitive actions in their work or hobbies. Tendons are strained as a result.

When performing repetitive movements for a job or in sports, proper movement is especially crucial. Tendonitis can be brought on by improper movement that overloads the tendon.

How to check if you have Tendonitis?

Self-care is usually effective in tendinitis instances. If your symptoms do not go away after a few days or if they interfere with your everyday activities, consult your doctor.

Risk Factors

Age, repetitive motion occupations, poor form during physical activity, and use of certain medications are all risk factors for developing tendinitis.


Tendons grow less flexible as people age, making injuries to them more likely.

People who work in manual labour, like gardeners, are more likely to develop work tendinitis.


The following can enhance the risk of tendinitis while engaging in physical activities:

  • The sudden increase in the quantity or level of exercise
  • Poorly constructed footwear
  • Hard materials like gym floors or concrete
  • Too little time is given for an injury to heal or for the body to acclimatise to the activity again.
  • Improper body alignment or movement

Drugs and medical conditions

Tendinitis risk might rise in certain medical conditions like diabetes. Drugs that might raise the risk include:

  • Fluoroquinolones are a class of antibiotics
  • Corticosteroids are used to reduce the risk of breast cancer, such as cortisone aromatase inhibitors.


Where a tendon connects to a bone is more likely to have tendinitis symptoms. Signs include:

  • A dull aching that is frequently characterised as pain, especially while moving the injured limb or joint
  • Tenderness
  • Slight swelling


To reduce your chance of acquiring tendinitis, take into account the following suggestions:

Do not engage in extended or demanding activities that place too much stress on your tendons. If you experience pain while working out, stop and take a rest.

Shake things up. Try a different workout or activity if one hurts you. You may combine high-impact exercises like running with low-impact exercises like bicycling or swimming by cross-training.

Move more effectively. If you do an exercise or activity wrong, you might put yourself at risk for tendon problems. When learning a new sport or using exercise equipment, think about taking lessons or getting advice from a professional.

Stretch. Extend the range of motion in all of your joints after exercising. After working out, while your muscles are warmed up, you should stretch.

Right-move around the office. Ensure that your workstation, chair, and keyboard are properly adjusted for your height, arm length, and the duties you perform. This will lessen the tension on your tendons and joints.

Get your muscles ready for a game. Muscles utilised in your sport or activity may carry more weight more effectively by being stronger.


Pain relief and irritation reduction are the main objectives of tendinitis therapy. Self-care techniques like rest, ice, and painkillers could be sufficient. Complete healing, however, can take several months.


Among the medications used to treat tendinitis are:

Drugs that reduce pain. Pain from tendonitis may be alleviated by aspirin, naproxen sodium (Aleve), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, etc.), or acetaminophen (Tylenol, etc.). Some of these medications may upset your stomach or result in kidney or liver issues. Painkiller creams can be administered directly to the skin. These items can aid in pain relief while preventing the negative consequences of ingesting these medications.

Steroids. Tendinitis discomfort may be lessened by administering steroids near the affected tendon. For tendinitis lasting more than three months, these injections are not recommended. Taking steroids repeatedly can

decrease a tendon's strength and raise the possibility of a tendon tear.

Plasma that is high in platelets. During this procedure, a sample of your own blood is drawn, and the platelets and other healing components are separated out by spinning the blood. The location of the chronic tendon irritation is then injected with the solution. Platelet-rich plasma has shown promise in the treatment of several chronic tendon disorders, while research is currently being done to determine the optimal technique to use this substance.

Physical exercise

The muscle and tendons can be strengthened using physical therapy activities. Numerous chronic tendon conditions can be effectively treated with eccentric strengthening, which emphasises muscle contraction while the muscle is lengthening.

Techniques, both surgical and otherwise

Your doctor could advise the following if physical therapy has not been successful in treating your symptoms:

Needling dry. Making tiny holes in the tendon with a thin needle to activate components involved in tendon repair is the goal of this treatment, which is often carried out with ultrasonography as a guide.

Surgery. Surgical repair may be required depending on the degree of your tendon damage, particularly if the tendon has torn away from the bone.

Use rest, ice, compression, and elevation as home remedies for tendonitis. This course of treatment can hasten healing and aid in avoiding further issues.

Rest. Steer clear of activities that exacerbate swelling or discomfort. Do not attempt to play or work through the discomfort. Rest is necessary for healing, but not total bed rest. You can engage in other pursuits and workouts without placing undue strain on the affected tendon. Exercise in the water, such as swimming, may be beneficial.

Ice. Apply ice to the damaged region for up to 20 minutes many times a day to reduce discomfort, muscular spasm, and swelling. Ice massages, ice packs, and slush baths made of ice and water can all be beneficial. Freeze a paper cup full of water for an ice massage so that you can grasp the cup while immediately applying ice to the skin.

Compression. Wrap the region firmly until the swelling subsides since oedema can limit mobility in an injured joint. Use stretchy bandages or wraps.

Elevation. Raise the injured leg above the level of your heart if tendinitis is affecting your knee to lessen swelling.

Rest is essential in the treatment of tendinitis, but immobility can lead to tight joints. To keep your joints flexible, gently move the affected region through its entire range of motion after a few days of rest.

Complications of Tendonitis

Tendinitis increases the possibility of a tendon rupturing or snapping if left untreated. Surgery can be required for a totally torn tendon.

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Page last reviewed: May 15, 2023

Next review due: May 15, 2025

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